Ratio Christi at George Mason University

Ratio Christi at George Mason University A Campus Apologetics Alliance Ratio Christi seeks to encourage and strengthen the faith of Christian students at secular and liberal institutions across the country, while also sharing Christ's message and love to those that have yet to receive it, through the use of intellectual investigation and apologetics.
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Ratio Christi believes that Christians have failed to address the pressing questions of worldview, science, philosophy, history, etc. Consequently, the Secular Humanist worldview has overtaken the university and the minds of students. By situating apologetic clubs at universities across the nation, we hope to take part in the battle for the mind and begin to reverse the Humanist trend of thought by providing and equipping students with the answers, or means of getting the answers, to the pressing questions of life.


*Ratio Christi appreciates financial support. (Visit www.ratiochristi.org/donate for details).

Ratio Christi believes that Christians have failed to address the pressing questions of worldview, science, philosophy, history, etc. Consequently, the Secular Humanist worldview has overtaken the university and the minds of students. By situating apologetic clubs at universities across the nation, we hope to take part in the battle for the mind and begin to reverse the Humanist trend of thought by providing and equipping students with the answers, or means of getting the answers, to the pressing questions of life.


*Ratio Christi appreciates financial support. (Visit www.ratiochristi.org/donate for details).

01/25/2021
Join our Cloud HD Video Meeting

Ratio Christ will be having Sean McDowell on to talk about his new book. OSU chapter director, Eric Chabot, will be hosting.

Topic: "Chasing Love: Sex, Love, and Relationships in a Confused Culture"
Date: Tuesday (1/26)
Time: 7:30 pm EST

Zoom
Meeting ID: 851-3205-0237
Password: 513789

https://us02web.zoom.us/j/85132050237?pwd=MzRhbGtMQVBNWWlDMXNzVFJpRzRmZz09&fbclid=IwAR17u1gtRQq5xImw_n5WCwLyw8HIArk1CxVXRkpOtCxGpiwJ4hLbDl7n80g#success

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12/10/2020
Inspiring Philosophy - Michael Jones

Read well, you who would baselessly assert that Christmas is pagan.

Ok... let's go over this again. There is no evidence Christmas is pagan.

I'll start with the date.
Sol Invictus was not placed on 12/25 until 354 AD when the Philocalian Calendar records this but doesn't specify any festival with regards to sun worship. Prior to this, the Julio-Claudian fasti inscriptions say Sun festivals were on August 8th, 9th, 28th, and December 11th, and maybe October 19th. The Philocalian Calendar says Emperor Aurelian honored the sun with chariot races every 4 years Oct 19-22 (Steven Hijmans, "Sol Invictus, the Winter Solstice, and the Origins of Christmas", Mouseion, Number 47/3 (2003), 277-298).

Saturnalia was never on 12/25. Macrobius says Saturnalia began 14 days before January, which comes out to December 17th (Saturnalia 1.10.1-23), using Roman Calendrical dates. He says it lasted for 3 days, but according to the Fasti inscriptions, it lasted to the 24th during the days of the Republic.

Yule was placed on 12/25 by King Haakon the Good in the 10th century AD to coincide with Christmas. This goes back to the early historian Snorri Sturluson, and his book "Heimskringla: History of the Kings of Norway." Snorri says before this, “Yule was celebrated on a midwinter night, and for the duration of three nights" (p. 106). He gives no specific dates, but St. Bede in “The reckoning of Time,” (Section 329) said Northmen calculated their seasons according to the cycles of the moon, so the date of Yule probably changed every year. Pliny the elder also says the Gallic tribes calculated their months according to the moon (nat. his. 16.95.250). Last, according to the Chronicler, Theitmar, the Danes sacrificed to pagan gods in January after the 6th (The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg, Book 1.17).

The Winter Solstice had no festive significance to ancient Romans. There were no celebrations planned for the date and they disagreed on when it was. The Julian Calendar does say 12/25, but Pliny the Elder says 12/26 (nat. his. 18.59.221), and Columella says 12/23 (De Re Rustica 9.14.12).

The date of 12/25 was selected by Christians because (according to early authors like Dionysus Exiguus & Hippolytus) they believed Jesus was conceived on the same day he died and they thought he died on March 25th, so just count forward nine months.

Christmas trees only go back to the 16th century in eastern Europe. The first mention of Christmas trees is in an Alsace ordinance in 1561. Almost no early pagans thought pine trees were sacred, let alone associated with 12/25. Germanic tribes believed the oak was sacred (Pliny, nat. his. 16.95). Maximus of Tyre said, "The Celts indeed worship Zeus, but they honor Him in the form of a lofty oak" (Dissertation VIII, section 8).

The most likely explanation is they morphed over from paradise trees. Adam and Eve's festival days is 12/24 and used to be honored with an Adam and Eve play. In Europe, in the dead of winter, not a lot of trees are available, so they would get a pine tree and decorate it with fruits and cakes. After the play, they could eat the treats on the tree and the practice probably just morphed into Christmas. We have no record of Christmas trees prior to this time. See "Christmas: A Candid History" by Bruce David Forbes, pp. 48-59; Encyclopedia of Christmas by Tanya Gulevich, pp. 165-171.

Santa Claus can only be traced back to Dutch immigrants in New York in the early 1800s. He came from the Dutch Sinterklaas, also known as St. Nicolas. His feast day was on 12/6 and was moved to 12/25 around this time to help make Christmas a family holiday. Newspapers promoted it and encouraged to give gifts on Christmas instead of New Years' like it traditionally was before this. Sinterklaas was rebranded from a catholic priest to look like a traditional dutchman from that time period, which included a big red suit (A dictionary of English Folklore, section: Santa). After this Santa was exported around the world and different countries added new spins. Stockings were also promoted around this time period and trace back to Clement C. Moor's “A Visit from St. Nicholas.” In 1927, in Finland, a radio broadcaster, Markus Rautio, morphed the old pagan deity, Joulupukki, into a Santa figure. Santa changed the Joulupukki figure, not the other way around.

Father Christmas, surprisingly, pre-dates Santa Claus. But he is not a pagan deity. Instead, he was a medieval personification of Christmas. Richard Smart of Plymtree is the first to write about him, referring to him as Sir Christmas, and his task is to announce the birth of Christ (Oxford Book of Carols, no. 21, 41-3).

Mistletoes do not go back to paganism. The first we hear of using mistletoe as Christmas decorations are in Robert Herrick, "Hesperides poetry collection," (892, 980), and then William Coles mentions it is a decoration in “The Art of Simpling” (1600s). The tradition of kissing under it did not begin until the end of the 18th century in Britain. See "A dictionary of English Folklore," section: Mistletoe.

Yule Logs do not go back to paganism, despite the name. Yule is also an English word to mean "mid-winter period." The first mention of yule logs is in Robert Herrick, "Hesperides poetry collection (number 784)" and he calls it a Christmas log. It wasn't called a yule log until Aubrey's “In the west-riding of Yorkshire on Christmas eve” (1686, p. 134).

St. Francis is credited for the first nativity scene in 1223 AD, Greccio. His followers then promoted the use of them during Christmas (Life of Saint Francis of Assisi - Saint Bonaventure. Chapter 10.7).

There is no evidence anything associated with Christmas goes past these sources I mentioned here, and therefore, there is no evidence Christmas is pagan.

Hi everyone! Tonight will be our last meeting of the semester! We will be discussing Evangelism with Trish Anderson toni...
12/02/2020

Hi everyone! Tonight will be our last meeting of the semester! We will be discussing Evangelism with Trish Anderson tonight at 7pm. Excited to see y'all soon! Here is the zoom link to join: https://gmu.zoom.us/j/91373720756.

Hi everyone! We will be continuing our discussion on the Problem of Evil tonight at 7pm. Here is the zoom link: https://...
11/18/2020

Hi everyone! We will be continuing our discussion on the Problem of Evil tonight at 7pm. Here is the zoom link: https://gmu.zoom.us/j/91373720756. Excited to see you all soon!

Hi friends! We will be having a meeting tonight at 7pm to discuss "The Problem of Evil". Here is the link to join: https...
11/11/2020

Hi friends! We will be having a meeting tonight at 7pm to discuss "The Problem of Evil". Here is the link to join: https://gmu.zoom.us/j/91373720756. See you all soon!

Hi friends! We will be having a meeting tonight at 7pm to continue our discussion on the topic "Why does God allow suffe...
11/04/2020

Hi friends! We will be having a meeting tonight at 7pm to continue our discussion on the topic "Why does God allow suffering?". Here is the link to join: https://gmu.zoom.us/j/91373720756. See you all soon!

Hi everyone! We will be having a meeting tonight at 7pm to discuss the topic "Why does God allow suffering?". Here is th...
10/28/2020

Hi everyone! We will be having a meeting tonight at 7pm to discuss the topic "Why does God allow suffering?". Here is the link to join: https://gmu.zoom.us/j/91373720756. See you all soon!

10/21/2020
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Hi everyone! We have a meeting tonight at 7pm. We will be discussing "Does Science Disprove the Bible?"-- Here is the link to join: https://gmu.zoom.us/j/91373720756. See you all there!

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Hello, hoping you all are doing well! We will be starting our discussion on the Resurrection tonight at 7pm. Here is the...
10/07/2020

Hello, hoping you all are doing well! We will be starting our discussion on the Resurrection tonight at 7pm. Here is the link: https://gmu.zoom.us/j/91373720756. See y'all soon!

Hi everyone! We will be continuing our discussion on The Bible as History tonight at 7pm! Pastor Ryan McAllister from Li...
09/30/2020

Hi everyone! We will be continuing our discussion on The Bible as History tonight at 7pm! Pastor Ryan McAllister from Life Community Church will be joining us to share his thoughts! Here is the link: https://gmu.zoom.us/j/91373720756. See y'all soon!

09/23/2020
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Hi friends! You made it halfway through the week! We will be discussing the Bible as History tonight at 7pm via zoom. Here is the link: https://gmu.zoom.us/j/91373720756. See you all soon!

Zoom is the leader in modern enterprise video communications, with an easy, reliable cloud platform for video and audio conferencing, chat, and webinars across mobile, desktop, and room systems. Zoom Rooms is the original software-based conference room solution used around the world in board, confer...

Hi everyone! We will be continuing our discussion on the arguments for God tonight at 7pm via zoom. Here is the link: ht...
09/16/2020

Hi everyone! We will be continuing our discussion on the arguments for God tonight at 7pm via zoom. Here is the link: https://gmu.zoom.us/j/91373720756. Excited to see you all soon!

09/09/2020
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Hi everyone! Hope your week is going well. We will be meeting virtually tonight at 7pm to discuss a few of the arguments and proofs of God. Here is the zoom link to join: https://gmu.zoom.us/j/91373720756. See you all soon!

Zoom is the leader in modern enterprise video communications, with an easy, reliable cloud platform for video and audio conferencing, chat, and webinars across mobile, desktop, and room systems. Zoom Rooms is the original software-based conference room solution used around the world in board, confer...

06/19/2020
Do You Want to Convince Atheists? Try this!

An important reminder of civility and its role in our Christian life

This video presents one of the most powerful apologetics Christians have at their disposal, but not all of them know about it. #LiveTheDefense Learn Casually...

06/10/2020
It’s not meme Monday but who cares at this point 🙂
06/03/2020

It’s not meme Monday but who cares at this point 🙂

Tomorrow church reopens and I will be able to participate in the Eucharist again.

Christ gone yeet out my sins.

-beerkegard

Standardized Apologetics
05/30/2020

Standardized Apologetics

Ravi Zacharias dies of cancer at 74
05/19/2020
Ravi Zacharias dies of cancer at 74

Ravi Zacharias dies of cancer at 74

World-renowned Christian apologist and bestselling author Ravi Zacharias died from a rare form of cancer on Tuesday, his daughter announced. He was 74.

04/20/2020

Hey guys! I hope you are doing well!! God has brought us this far and now the end of the semester is nearing.

Its time for elections for the next school year. We will be hosting elections and will be voting during our next meeting, this Wednesday (4/22) at 7:30PM.

Please considering running to help keep
this organization going. We will be sending out a link for the meeting on Wednesday. Thank you!!

Hey guys, hope you all are doing well!! We will be meeting tonight at 7:00pm via Zoom. We will continue to watch the Dav...
04/15/2020
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Hey guys, hope you all are doing well!! We will be meeting tonight at 7:00pm via Zoom. We will continue to watch the David Wood v. Shabir Ally Debate that was held at GMU in 2018.

Here is the link to join the meeting:
https://us04web.zoom.us/j/869697917

Meeting ID: 869 697 917

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This is our meeting info for tonight. Hope you all can make itSamuel Demeke is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting ...
04/08/2020
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This is our meeting info for tonight. Hope you all can make it

Samuel Demeke is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting at 7:30

Topic: Ratio Christi
Time: This is a recurring meeting Meet anytime

Join Zoom Meeting
https://us04web.zoom.us/j/869697917

Meeting ID: 869 697 917

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04/07/2020

We will be meeting again on zoom this Wednesday. We will be continuing the debate between Shabir Ali and David Wood.

We will post a link to our Zoom Room on Wednesday.

Hope you are all doing well

This is our meeting info for tonight! Samuel Demeke is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.Topic: Ratio ChristiTime...
04/01/2020
Join our Cloud HD Video Meeting now

This is our meeting info for tonight!

Samuel Demeke is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting.

Topic: Ratio Christi
Time: This is a recurring meeting Meet anytime

Join Zoom Meeting
https://us04web.zoom.us/j/869697917

Meeting ID: 869 697 917

Hope to see you all there

Zoom is the leader in modern enterprise video communications, with an easy, reliable cloud platform for video and audio conferencing, chat, and webinars across mobile, desktop, and room systems. Zoom Rooms is the original software-based conference room solution used around the world in board, confer...

Hello everyone! Sorry for the absence. We are going to attempt to host regular meetings at the normal time 7-8:30 over Z...
04/01/2020
Video Conferencing, Web Conferencing, Webinars, Screen Sharing

Hello everyone! Sorry for the absence. We are going to attempt to host regular meetings at the normal time 7-8:30 over Zoom.

This is a video conferencing app that allows people to video/or audio call. If you don’t have a computer with a camera that is totally fine, it works with a regular phone.

This is the link to download zoom.

https://zoom.us/download

We will send out a link each week so that you will be able to join the meeting.

Hope you are all doing well.

Zoom is the leader in modern enterprise video communications, with an easy, reliable cloud platform for video and audio conferencing, chat, and webinars across mobile, desktop, and room systems. Zoom Rooms is the original software-based conference room solution used around the world in board, confer...

It is with deep sadness and a heavy heart that we announce that the founder and former president of Ratio Christi GMU Am...
03/23/2020

It is with deep sadness and a heavy heart that we announce that the founder and former president of Ratio Christi GMU Amos Crew has died. He was a generous soul and a dear friend to all who knew him.

He is survived by his wife, Joy, his siblings, and parents. We would appreciate your prayers for strength and comfort for the Crew family.

“O God, merciful and compassionate, who art ever ready to hear the prayers of those who put their trust in thee; Graciously hearken to us who call upon thee, and grant us thy help in this our need; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen”

03/04/2020

Hello everyone this is a reminder

We will be meeting tonight at 7:00 in research hall 302. We will be discussing Old Earth and Young Earth Creation

02/26/2020

Hello everyone this is a reminder

We will be meeting tonight at 7:00 in research hall 302. We will be continuing our discussing of textual reliability

Hello everyone happy meme Monday! We will be meeting this Wednesday at 7:00 in research hall 302. We will be continuing ...
02/24/2020

Hello everyone happy meme Monday!

We will be meeting this Wednesday at 7:00 in research hall 302. We will be continuing our discussing of textual reliability

02/19/2020

We are meeting tonight at 7:00

We will be meeting in research hall 302

We will he discussing the reliability of the New Testament.

See you there!

Happy Meme Monday everyone. We will be meeting at 7 this Wednesday in Research Hall 302
02/18/2020

Happy Meme Monday everyone.

We will be meeting at 7 this Wednesday in Research Hall 302

King David’s Treasury of Memes for Israelite Teens
02/13/2020

King David’s Treasury of Memes for Israelite Teens

What’s your favorite Gospel and why? Luke and John are a close tie for me.

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Hi everyone! Happy first day of classes. Hope all is well! GMU Ratio Christi will have it's first meeting of the semester on September 2 at 7pm via Zoom! Looking forward to seeing all of you soon! https://gmu.zoom.us/j/91373720756
Per conversation from earlier: Is the Trinity illogical? Does it deny any logical axioms? @Marcel Gautreau @Alexander Kourmadas Amos Crew Devonte Benaiah Narde
If somebody has half a brain that is Christian, and the other half is an Atheist, do you go to Heaven or Hell? Matt Bryant Amos Crew Samuel Demeke
Flow with the Word of God Over these past weeks we have spent much time reading of, and observing, the various stages in the Creation narrative, and we spend one last day as we move into Genesis Chapters 10 and 11, where we read of the sons of Noah and how the scenario develops – some of it good – some of it not so good – perhaps not so exciting and thrilling – but so like life! Japheth means to enlarge - Japheth may you grow and extend - you will dwell in the tents of Shem - and you will share in the blessings of God. At the beginning of Chapter 10, we read of them each going their own way. We are reading now of the origin of races and nations, and this remains a mystery today to most anthropologists and ethnologists. Japheth goes north and west. Ham went south. Do you know that this is the part of the Bible used by South Africa to justify apartheid - the black people descending from Ham? There is no justification for this whatsoever. One interesting thing arises - a man named Ni**od emerges. He becomes a mighty warrior and a mighty hunter - even in the eyes of God he was mighty. Things were right to begin with - but pride returns - and Ni**od got ideas about his own strength and ability - which he begins to use against men - and he began to build a kingdom. Ni**od began to asset himself. In Shinar, Chapter 11 verse 2, the people thought they would build something that would make them really great and powerful. They set out to build a massive tower. They wanted to make a name for themselves. We know today that around the tops of these towers were the signs of the Zodiac. Soon, man is back into what we call horoscopes and the occult - not all that long after the Flood. God and His goodness and Grace were quickly forgotten. They ended up ‘Babbling’. They built and blasphemed and ended up confused, at Babel. Plans made apart from God usually end up in disaster. These verses have so much to reveal to us and teach us about ourselves. Let us learn the lessons which GOD wants to teach us - and rely upon the grace and control and guidance and love of God. But read on and flow with the Word of God. There at the end of Chapter 11, we read of Abraham. Remember what flows on from these significant verses – Abraham – Isaac – Jacob, who is renamed Israel – Joseph – Moses – Joshua – Samuel – Saul – David – and right on to Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the promised Messiah and Redeemer and Saviour. “Loving Father, we bow and worship. We give thanks for Your Holy Word. Enable us to see clearly the pattern from Creation to Jesus Christ – and right on to the circumstances in which we find ourselves today, when we pray – ‘Come Lord Jesus’. Risen and living and loving Jesus – You came right on time at Bethlehem. We know Your return will be right on time. Amen” (This week's "Word from Scotland" - previous pieces may be found at Studylight.org in the 'Archives' section - every prayerful blessing in Christ Jesus.)
The Profound Significance of The Covenant In Genesis Chapter 9 verse 8 - God speaks once again to Noah. God desires to make a Covenant with man. This is more than a contract. It is more than two people making an agreement or a bargain. It is one party laying down conditions and the other party accepting. A Covenant is always a thing of LOVE. How often do we see two things like this side by side in Scripture? There is this principle of Capital Punishment - and then a revelation of such caring concern and love. There are no 'ifs'. We do not read - if you do this, I will do that. When God makes a Covenant it is unlimited - because God's love is unlimited. In verses 8 to 17 God mentions the fact that He is making a Covenant some 7 times. Never again will I do what I have done - I will never again flood the world. Now, I will give you the sign of My Covenant - here is the seal - the sign - the ring - the token of the marriage vow I have made with you. My Covenant ring is the RAINBOW. God decides to use the rainbow as the sign of the Promise which He has made. We see various images of a rainbow today and usually there are only six colours. God’s perfect covenantal rainbow always has seven – it is a sign of grace and love and faithfulness. Can you imagine how reassuring this must have been to Noah and his family? When they saw the clouds coming - they did not need to wonder - is this another catastrophe? Is this another disaster? They knew that never again would they be flooded off the face of the earth. Not only is it a sign to man - but it is also a sign to GOD. It is a sign of His promise - a sign of His love and mercy and grace and faithfulness. Noah and his family would look at the rainbow when it appeared and know that God would never again destroy the world, and what is in it, by water. There was a day when Jesus Christ said – “This is the new covenant in MY BLOOD." The sign of the covenant for us is the precious blood of Jesus Christ - shed for us - washed - cleansed - forgiven - pardoned - on the road to being born again - and to experience peace with GOD. Do this in remembrance of ME. Renew your relationship with ME. This is how we fellowship with Jesus - and receive feeding from the Father. Who would ever have thought of writing a covenant in blood, but GOD? The wonderful thing is that when we partake we realise that it works. He does something deep within us. He may whisper something within our heart, or He ministers to us in some very real and significant way. He revives faith - imparts strength - does something fresh or exciting - and we know it. A man called Willie Frame sat in our Worship Service as the bread and wine were about to be served. He said, “I'm going to take this for my ulcer”. He never again needed any medication for that troublesome stomach. We know we have been in the company of the Living God. Like the rainbow it is much more than just a sign. We see half a ring today - one day we shall see the whole ring - Revelation 4 verse 3. “Loving God, help us to see the significance of the Covenant – help us to see the significance of every promise and prophecy in the Scriptures. You give us these because You care, and You are compassionate, and You reveal how much You care for us. Thank You for the Covenants. We Worship and Praise You, in the Name of the risen and living Jesus, our Saviour and Lord. Amen” (This week's "Word from Scotland" - previous articles may be found at Studylight.org in the 'Archives' section - warmest greetings in Christ Jesus.)
The Real Issue Podcast | Is Allah the Same as the Judeo Christian God YHWH? Talk show hosts, politicians, and professors teaching all religions saying the same thing, like to equate the Gods, Allah (Islam) and YHWH (Judaism and Christianity) as the same God. In this show, Rob gives four reasons why this is not the case and why the God of the Bible is the one true God. Rob also shares his thoughts from attending the debate at George Mason Univ. between David Wood and Shabir Ally on the two religions views of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, and inter-weaves some of those thoughts into the main presentation.