Jebel Qurma Project - Jordan

Jebel Qurma Project - Jordan Share the discoveries of the Leiden team in their annual excavations and surveys of the Jebel Qurma region!
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Just south of Damascus begins the stony black basalt wasteland or Black Desert, stretching across Northeastern Jordan and Saudi Arabia to the fringes of the sands of the great Nafud desert. New research east of Jordan’s capital of Amman shows that the arid and desolate, basalt-strewn lands are astonishingly rich in archaeological monuments of all kinds and periods, in the form of circular stone dwellings, round enclosures with low stone walls, burial cairns, chambered tower tombs, hunting installations, rock drawings, Safaitic and Arabic inscriptions on stone, and so on.

Missie: The Jebel Qurma Archaeological Landscape Project aims to study the extraordinary archaeological heritage in Jordan’s Black Desert over a long time scale and across several different environments. The project comprises field survey and excavation in the prominent Jebel Qurma range east of the town of Azraq, in the midst of the basalt, close to the Jordan-Saudi border.

The ruins of Umm al-Jimal!
07/04/2020

The ruins of Umm al-Jimal!

A last glimpse of sunset lingers in a doorway in Umm al-Jimal.

لمحة أخيرة لغروب الشمس في مدخل أم الجمال.

Photo credit: The Umm el-Jimal Project

#ummeljimal #archeology #historical_site #blackstones #heritage Department of Antiquities of Jordan Visit Jordan PAX

ACOR Online Resources - Acor Jordan
06/04/2020
ACOR Online Resources - Acor Jordan

ACOR Online Resources - Acor Jordan

As many are shifting to remote working and online classes, the need for greater access to digital resources is more important than ever. ACOR has many online resources available. Below is a list of links accessible through our website acorjordan.org The ACOR Photo Archive has over 27,000 online imag...

New Corona measures in Jordan
14/03/2020

New Corona measures in Jordan

الحكومة تعلن إجراءات جديدة للتعامل مع فيروس كورونا تتضمن تعطيل المدارس والجامعات.
أعلن رئيس الوزراء الدكتور عمر الرزاز اليوم السبت في بيان صحفي مجموعة إجراءات وقرارات جديدة اتخذتها الحكومة للتعامل مع فيروس كورونا المستجد في ضوء التطورات العالمية المتسارعة وبهدف حماية الوطن والمواطنين. وفيما يلي هذه الإجراءات:
أولاً، قطاع التعليم:
• تعليق دوام المؤسسات التعليمية (رياض أطفال، حضانات، مدارس، جامعات، كليات، ومؤسسات ومعاهد تدريب) اعتبارا من صباح الأحد 15 آذار 2020 ولمدة أسبوعين.
• يتولى مدراء التربية والتعليم تنظيم دوام الإداريين في وزارة التربية والتعليم، وفق ما يصدر من تعليمات بهذا الخصوص.
• ستباشر وزارة التربية والتعليم بتنفيذ خطة التعليم عن بعد من خلال موقع التعليم الإلكتروني للوزارة اعتبارا من الأسبوع القادم، وقنوات التلفزة الوطنية اعتبارا من هذا الأسبوع.
ثانياً، إجراءات السفر:
• بالإضافة إلى ما تم إعلانه سابقاً حول تعليق الرحلات الجوية من وإلى بعض الدول اعتباراً من يوم الاثنين 16 آذار 2020، سيتم تعليق جميع الرحلات الجوية من وإلى المملكة ابتداء من يوم الثلاثاء 17 آذار 2020، وحتى إشعار آخر، باستثناء حركة الشحن التجاري.
• يستثنى من ذلك كوادر البعثات الدبلوماسية والمنظمات الدولية، شريطة الالتزام بتعليمات وزارة الصحة بما فيها الحجر الذاتي لمدة 14 يوما. وتُعلِم البعثات الدبلوماسية والمنظمات الدولية وزارة الصحة عبرَ وزارة الخارجية في حال ظهور أي أعراض على كوادر البعثات الدبلوماسية تستدعي فحوصات طبية.
• وعليه، تعتبر جميع المعابر الحدودية للمملكة البرية والبحرية والمطارات مغلقة أمام حركة المسافرين، باستثناء حركة الشحن التجاري.
• توجيه الأردنيين المتواجدين في الخارج إلى البقاء في أماكنهم.
• الأردنيون المتواجدون في دول الجوار والمضطرون للعودة، بإمكانهم الدخول عبر المعابر الحدودية البرية والبحرية، ويخضعون لإجراءات وزارة الصحة.
ثالثاً، الفعاليات العامة، والشعائر الدينية، والسياحة:
• وقف جميع الفعاليات والتجمعات العامة. وتوجيه المواطنين بعدم التجمع في المناسبات الاجتماعية، بما فيها بيوت العزاء والأفراح.
• التأكيد على أهمية التزام المواطنين قدر الإمكان بالبقاء في بيوتهم، وتفادي الخروج إلا للضرورة.
• بتوجيه من مجلس الإفتاء ومجلس الكنائس، إيقاف الصلاة في جميع مساجد المملكة وكنائسها، كإجراء احترازي ووقائي، مع الالتزام برفع الأذان في وقته، وبث خطبة الجمعة موحدة عبر محطات التلفزة.
• وقف زيارة المستشفيات والسجون اعتباراً من يوم غد الأحد وحتى إشعار آخر.
• إغلاق الأماكن السياحية الأثرية لمدة أسبوع، لتنفيذ حملات التعقيم في هذه المواقع.
• تعليق الفعاليات الرياضية، وإغلاق دور السينما والمسابح والنوادي الرياضية ومراكز الشباب، حتى إشعار آخر.
• منع تقديم الأرجيلة وخدماتها والتدخين في المقاهي والمطاعم. وتفويض الجهات الرسمية المسؤولة بإغلاق أي مقهى أو مطعم لا يتقيد بهذه التعليمات.
• يتوجب على المقاهي والمطاعم المحافظة على مسافات متباعدة بين أماكن الجلوس، بحسب تعليمات وزارة الصحة بهذا الخصوص.
رابعاً، تنظيم العمل في القطاعين العام والخاص:
• يبقى العمل في الوزارات والدوائر الحكومية والمؤسسات العامة والرسمية مستمرا.
• وبالنسبة للعاملين في القطاع الخاص، سيتم وبالتعاون مع غرف الصناعة والتجارة والجهات ذات العلاقة، التوافق على إجراءات لحماية العاملين وضمان استمرارية العمل.
خامساً، إجراءات متابعة الأزمة:
• تعمل خلية الأزمة على مدار الساعة لمتابعة التطورات المرتبطة بالتعامل مع فيروس كورونا المستجد، وينبثق عنها فرق العمل التالية:
o فريق للرعاية الصحية.
o فريق لتنظيم ومتابعة شؤون الحدود والمعابر والمطارات.
o فريق للحماية الاجتماعية.
o فريق للمخزون الاستراتيجي (الدواء والغذاء).
o فريق للمتابعة الإعلاميّة.
• تتم مراجعة هذه الإجراءات بشكل دوري للبت بتمديدها أو إيقافها أو اعتماد إجراءات إضافية جديدة بحسب الحاجة.

New fieldwork in the making! We hope to start in May with our next season of survey and excavation!
05/02/2020

New fieldwork in the making! We hope to start in May with our next season of survey and excavation!

Hunting in the basalt desert of north-eastern Jordan, 2000 years ago. The large herd of deer is being chased by dogs (ri...
19/01/2020

Hunting in the basalt desert of north-eastern Jordan, 2000 years ago. The large herd of deer is being chased by dogs (right). A group of hunters is aiming their bows at the frightened animals (left).

Great piece of rock art from the Jebel Qurma region, about 2300-2000 years old. The central figure is the naked lady wit...
12/01/2020

Great piece of rock art from the Jebel Qurma region, about 2300-2000 years old. The central figure is the naked lady with the wild hairdo and the raised hands. She stands in the middle of an ongoing battle scene. Archers are shooting at each other, and horsemen throw their spears.

26/12/2019
Vultures spotted in Eastern Jordan, including Azraq!Actually, we found the legs (and only the legs) of griffon vultures ...
23/12/2019
Cinereous Vulture spotted flying over Azraq Wetland Reserve (Jordan) for the first time

Vultures spotted in Eastern Jordan, including Azraq!

Actually, we found the legs (and only the legs) of griffon vultures during excavation in two, 2000-years-old, tower tombs in the Jebel Qurma area, east of Azraq. Did these vulture legs in the tombs perhaps serve as amulets?

https://www.4vultures.org/2019/11/13/cinereous-vulture-spotted-flying-over-azraq-wetland-reserve-jordan-for-the-first-time/

The Cinereous Vulture is a rare passage migrant or winter visitor in the Middle East. Still, it was recently spotted somewhere it was never seen before - flying over Jordan's Azarq Wetlands Reserve. Cinereous Vulture observation at Azraq Wetland Reserve The Cinereous Vulture was observed several tim...

Find our team, busy with their work deep in the Jebel Qurma region
22/12/2019

Find our team, busy with their work deep in the Jebel Qurma region

Drama in the basalt desert, 2000 years ago.... the dromedary camel in the centre is attacked by huge lions (to the left ...
19/12/2019

Drama in the basalt desert, 2000 years ago.... the dromedary camel in the centre is attacked by huge lions (to the left and below). Other animals stand and watch the ongoing battle between the giants. One of the many great pieces of rock art in the Jebel Qurma region.

Our team on the road, somewhere in the eastern Jebel Qurma area!
14/12/2019

Our team on the road, somewhere in the eastern Jebel Qurma area!

The horsemen who rode in the plains of Jebel Qurma, some 2000 years ago!Reminds us of a song by Ryan Ike (White Rider):T...
24/11/2019

The horsemen who rode in the plains of Jebel Qurma, some 2000 years ago!

Reminds us of a song by Ryan Ike (White Rider):

The Horsemen moved upon me then
Their leader to my side
Said “Son, I think the time has come
To saddle up and Ride.”

For all those rock-art lovers amongst us (and who isn’t?): two great pieces from Jebel Qurma, over 2000 years old
08/11/2019

For all those rock-art lovers amongst us (and who isn’t?): two great pieces from Jebel Qurma, over 2000 years old

'Mobile Peoples - Permanent Places' by Harmen Huigens, a dissertation of the Jebel Qurma Project, is now also published ...
01/11/2019

'Mobile Peoples - Permanent Places' by Harmen Huigens, a dissertation of the Jebel Qurma Project, is now also published in print and open access! Free download available via the link below.

'Mobile Peoples – Permanent Places' explores the relationship between nomadic communities who resided in the Black Desert of north-eastern Jordan between c. 300 BC and 900 AD and the landscapes they inhabited and extensively modified. Although these communities were highly mobile, moving through the desert following seasonal variation in natural resources, they significantly invested in the landscapes they frequented by erecting highly durable stone architecture, and by carving rock art and inscriptions. Although these inscriptions, known as Safaitic, are relatively well studied, the archaeological remains had received little attention until recently.

Download via Archaeopress:
http://www.archaeopress.com/ArchaeopressShop/Public/displayProductDetail.asp?id=%7B2900C688-1814-46BA-82E9-F66926C588E6%7D

Camels everywhere.... The dromedary is unquestionably the most often depicted animal in the rock art of Jebel Qurma. We ...
21/10/2019

Camels everywhere.... The dromedary is unquestionably the most often depicted animal in the rock art of Jebel Qurma. We found thousands of them during our surveys in the region. These beautiful pieces are about 2000-2300 years old.

The Jordan Times, about water management in the Black Desert!http://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/scholar-examines-anci...
17/10/2019
Scholar examines ancient irrigation technologies of Black Desert sites

The Jordan Times, about water management in the Black Desert!

http://www.jordantimes.com/news/local/scholar-examines-ancient-irrigation-technologies-black-desert-sites?fbclid=IwAR3prYhe-qYtpDFAa_2J_XBIuqNooYCdtUGBVeAz1FF6PYBYoF_THJJAKfs

AMMAN — The irrigation system in the terraced gardens of the Black Desert, according to scholars, was probably the outcome of an indigenous (basalt desert) technology, which was also discovered at the earlier sites like Tulul Al Ghusayn, Khirbet Al Jabariya and Khirbet Abu Al Husayn, said a German...

Good oldie....
11/10/2019

Good oldie....

Evidence of human occupation dating back 4,300 years, including campsites, rock art, and complex "tower tombs," has been discovered in the Jebel Qurma region of northeast Jordan, a forbidding landscape of desert wasteland and basalt hills. #FBF

archaeology.org/issues/275-1711/from-the-trenches/6010-jordan-jebel-qurma-civilization

(Courtesy Peter Akkermans)

Recent footsteps in the sand, leading to millennia-old tower tombs on a hill in the Jebel Qurma area
02/10/2019

Recent footsteps in the sand, leading to millennia-old tower tombs on a hill in the Jebel Qurma area

One of those very sunny and very happy days in the field.... The team busy with a burial cairn
27/09/2019

One of those very sunny and very happy days in the field.... The team busy with a burial cairn

Waiting for the quiet evening to come. Just sitting and staring in the empty distance...
23/09/2019

Waiting for the quiet evening to come. Just sitting and staring in the empty distance...

Hats on the road... Driving back to our base camp after a long day in the basalt
20/09/2019

Hats on the road... Driving back to our base camp after a long day in the basalt

These are the remains of what must have been one of Jordan's loniest graves... A single tower tomb on a low hill in the ...
12/09/2019

These are the remains of what must have been one of Jordan's loniest graves... A single tower tomb on a low hill in the middle of nowhere. We found the place, locally known as Jebel Ma'ashi, during the field season of this year in the Jebel Qurma range. Unfortunately the tomb, probably dating to the first millennium BC, appears to have been severely looted in recent years.

Mark the day! On October 17 Nathalie Brusgaard will defend her PhD thesis entitled: Carving Interactions - Rock Art in t...
09/09/2019

Mark the day! On October 17 Nathalie Brusgaard will defend her PhD thesis entitled: Carving Interactions - Rock Art in the Nomadic Landscape of the Black Desert, North-Eastern Jordan.

Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Peter M.M.G. Akkermans & Dr. Bleda S. During.

Venue: 16:15 hours in the Academy Building ('Academiegebouw') at Leiden University, Rapenburg 73, Leiden

Archaeology in an astoundingly beautiful landscape. On the left we see the tower tomb at the site of QUR-1075, prior to ...
06/09/2019

Archaeology in an astoundingly beautiful landscape. On the left we see the tower tomb at the site of QUR-1075, prior to excavation. A great tomb, with a very complex history of use in the first millennium BC.

About Al Ula in the Hejaz!
30/08/2019

About Al Ula in the Hejaz!

7000 ans de civilisations et de sociétés se sont succédé dans ce lieu unique !
A partir du 9 octobre, franchissez les portes de l'IMA et laissez-vous transporter à « AlUla, merveille d’Arabie », trésor du patrimoine de l'humanité, pour la première fois révélé au grand public. Une exposition exceptionnelle réalisée en partenariat avec la Commission royale pour Alula.
► Infos: http://bit.ly/ExpoAlula

This year we worked at a site in the eastern part of the Jebel Qurma area, where we found hundreds of pieces of rock art...
23/08/2019

This year we worked at a site in the eastern part of the Jebel Qurma area, where we found hundreds of pieces of rock art and inscriptions in Safaitic and Arabic. They were concentrated in what we named “the gallery”, high on the mound and on its steep edge, where each and every basalt block was beautifully inscribed some 2000 years ago. An amazing and joyful place which kept us busy for a long time!

Did you see our recent post about the ‘lion hunter’ from Jebel Qurma? Here is another one: the OSTRICH HUNTER! He’s show...
12/08/2019

Did you see our recent post about the ‘lion hunter’ from Jebel Qurma? Here is another one: the OSTRICH HUNTER! He’s shown on the left, in front of the four tall ostriches. Interestingly, there is a second archer aiming at the birds (below the first ostrich), and there is even a horseman with a long spear (below, to the right) involved in the hunt. Another great piece of rock art from the Jebel Qurma region, about 2000-2200 years old. We found it recently, during our 2019 field season.

07/08/2019

Wow, more than 2500 likes! We wish to thank all of you for your support and interest in our research project in Jordan’s basalt desert!

THE LION HUNTER! The rider and his horse are ready to attack the lion (shown above them). The horseman has a long spear ...
07/08/2019

THE LION HUNTER! The rider and his horse are ready to attack the lion (shown above them). The horseman has a long spear in the hand. Great piece of rock art from Jebel Qurma, about 2200-2000 years old.

Adres

Leiden University, Faculty Of Archaeology
Leiden
2333 CC LEIDEN, THE NETHERLANDS

Algemene informatie

Jebel Qurma Project Director: Prof. Dr Peter M.M.G. Akkermans The archaeological research at Jebel Qurma is carried out under the auspices of the Faculty of Archaeology of Leiden University, The Netherlands, under the leadership of Professor Peter Akkermans . Many institutions and persons have contributed to the success of this extensive archaeological project in Jordan. The project takes place under the supervision of the Department of Antiquities (DoA) in Amman. We are very grateful to the Department and its staff for its continual assistance and encouragement in both the preparation and realisation of the Jebel Qurma Archaeological Landscape Project. Sincere thanks are also due to the Jordanian Astronomical Society, for allowing us to use their facilities at the Hamza camp near Azraq. The Jebel Qurma project has received financial, institutional or other support from: Faculty of Archaeology of Leiden University, Leiden University Fund (LUF)/Byvanck, Jordan Oil Shale Company (JOSCo), Netherlands Embassy in Amman, Jordan, Netherlands Foundation for Scientific Research (NWO)

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