Department of Marine Sciences at University of Georgia

Department of Marine Sciences at University of Georgia Welcome to the official UGA Marine Sciences Department Page! Keep in contact with former and current students, staff, and faculty.
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The UGA Department of Marine Sciences has 14 full-time faculty located on the Athens campus and 12 full-time located on the Savannah (SkIO) campus engaged in teaching and research at the graduate and undergraduate levels. Faculty research interests range from the ecology of bacteria and phytoplankton, to inorganic and organic biogeochemistry, to ecosystem dynamics modeling and ocean acoustics. We offer graduate degree programs at the Ph.D. and M.S. levels with concentrations in biological, chemical, and physical oceanography. Current graduate students are conducting research in coastal ecology and processes, biological oceanography, molecular microbial ecology, sediment processes, environmental genomics, and marine ecosystem modeling. Reflecting this breadth of interests, our alumni work in academia in both research and outreach positions, industry such as biofuels and environmental consulting, and with governmental agencies. The Department of Marine Sciences participates in the undergraduate Interdisciplinary Studies Program, the Water Resources Graduate Certificate Program, and the Coastal and Oceanographic Engineering Certificate Program.

UGA Marine Institute - UGAMI
02/18/2020
UGA Marine Institute - UGAMI

UGA Marine Institute - UGAMI

Applications are now being accepted for the 2020 GCE Undergraduate Summer Internships!

There are four internships available with three opportunities based on Sapelo Island, and one internship based at the University of South Carolina. The application deadline is Sunday, March 8th at midnight.

Please help us circulate these amazing opportunities for undergraduates!
http://gce-lter.marsci.uga.edu/public/employment/summer_internships_2020.asp

UGA Research
02/15/2020
UGA Research

UGA Research

300+ million cubic miles and an average depth of 12,000 feet - that's a lot of water volume to cover!

New research from the University of Georgia is on the cusp of figuring out some of the ocean's most complex processes, including how organic carbon is processed.

https://t.uga.edu/5CJ

UGA Franklin College of Arts and Sciences
Department of Marine Sciences at University of Georgia

Looking for a fun adventure this summer that also provides course credits?There is only ONE month left to register for t...
02/13/2020

Looking for a fun adventure this summer that also provides course credits?

There is only ONE month left to register for the 2020 Coastal Summer Semester! Join us out at UGAMI for hands-on, immersive learning about estuarine and marine ecology.

Follow the link to apply!
https://studyaway.uga.edu/index.cfm?FuseAction=Programs.ViewProgram&Program_ID=13571&fbclid=IwAR1Tys3ILIuFEe9CRkfFjP4fA51njYVAkkS_4N439zpBQIqvppY1qe9CDhc

Looking for a fun adventure this summer that also provides course credits?

There is only ONE month left to register for the 2020 Coastal Summer Semester! Join us out at UGAMI for hands-on, immersive learning about estuarine and marine ecology.

Follow the link to apply!
https://studyaway.uga.edu/index.cfm?FuseAction=Programs.ViewProgram&Program_ID=13571

The concentration of bacteria around phytoplankton, and how these organisms associate and release compounds hold enormou...
02/10/2020
Cooperation and control in ocean microbial communities

The concentration of bacteria around phytoplankton, and how these organisms associate and release compounds hold enormous consequences for carbon cycling in the oceans. New research from the University of Georgia describes the biological possibilities of successful actors in microbial communities and sets the stage for how half of all organic carbon in the oceans is processed.

New research from UGA sheds light on the inner workings of the sea

Scientists succeeded in giving an antibiotic shot to a badly injured newborn whale they have been tracking off the coast...
01/31/2020
Wounded baby whale gets antibiotic shot to improve grim odds

Scientists succeeded in giving an antibiotic shot to a badly injured newborn whale they have been tracking off the coasts of Georgia and Florida, hoping to improve what experts stressed Thursday remain grim odds for the endangered sea animal.

SAVANNAH, Ga. — Scientists succeeded in giving an antibiotic shot to a badly injured newborn whale they have been tracking off the coasts of Georgia

Of the different sea turtle species seen along the Georgia coast, green sea turtles are considered among the most at ris...
01/29/2020
Conservation groups allege feds failing to protect sea turtles

Of the different sea turtle species seen along the Georgia coast, green sea turtles are considered among the most at risk — they have a decreasing population trend and the population here is considered threatened, while others elsewhere are endangered, and thus protected by the federal Endangered Species Act. However, several conservation groups sued the federal government alleging a failure to designate critical habitat for the turtles and thus not meeting the government’s responsibility under the act.

Of the different sea turtle species seen along the Georgia coast, green sea turtles are considered among the most at risk — they have a decreasing population trend and the

While great whites haunt the deep, walking sharks are content to scuttle in the shallows. They've been walking, or somet...
01/27/2020
Scientists discovered four new species of sharks that walk

While great whites haunt the deep, walking sharks are content to scuttle in the shallows. They've been walking, or something close to it, for at least 9 million years. #thesefinsweremadeforwalking #andthatsjustwhattheylldo

Walking sharks use their fins to "walk" along the sea floor in search of food. Luckily, the scarier species haven't learned how to walk yet.

The National Weather Service (NWS) National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) is accepting applications for it...
01/22/2020
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

The National Weather Service (NWS) National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) is accepting applications for its 2020 summer student internship program.

NCEP is offering up to 20 paid summer internships targeted towards current 2nd and 3rd year undergraduate and enrolled graduate students to work in areas that will meet the future needs of the ever-broadening user community and address the strategic climate-water-weather issues. Each student will collaborate with one or more scientists at our NCEP centers located in College Park, MD: Climate Prediction Center, Environmental Modeling Center, Ocean Prediction Center, and Weather Prediction Center or at NWS Offices in Silver Spring, MD: Meteorological Development Laboratory and AWIPS Program Office.

Students may also be placed at the following NOAA Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR) facilities: Climate Program Office (Silver Spring, MD), Office of Weather and Air Quality (Silver Spring, MD) and Air Resources Laboratory (College Park, MD).

The National Weather Service (NWS) plays a key role in protecting American lives and properties. The timely provision of reliable weather, water, climate, and environmental information has supported the Nation's social and economic development. NWS offices in communities across the United States and...

Scroll down the deep sea in this interactive page!
01/21/2020
The Deep Sea

Scroll down the deep sea in this interactive page!

Scroll down the deep sea in this interactive page.

SC Dept of Natural Resources is hiring 6 summer interns for their sea turtle program. Could this be the opportunity you ...
01/17/2020
We're Hiring: Sea Turtle Positions Summer 2020 — South Carolina Coastal Resources

SC Dept of Natural Resources is hiring 6 summer interns for their sea turtle program. Could this be the opportunity you are looking for? More details at the link below!

We are currently reviewing applications for six seasonal paid positions in three locations for the 2020 sea turtle nesting season in South Carolina. Applications are reviewed as received and positions will remain open until filled. The right candidates for these positions don’t mind early morning

Hydrocarbon seeps are abundant deep sea oases that support immense biodiversity and where specialization and adaptation ...
01/16/2020
The Geology and Biogeochemistry of Hydrocarbon Seeps

Hydrocarbon seeps are abundant deep sea oases that support immense biodiversity and where specialization and adaptation create extraordinary lifestyles. Dr. Mandy Joye and her lab examine the geology and biogeochemistry of hydrocarbon seeps.

Hydrocarbon seeps, deep sea extreme environments where deeply sourced fluids discharge at the seabed, occur along continental margins across the globe. Energy-rich reduced substrates, namely hydrocarbons, support accelerated biogeochemical dynamics, creating unique geobiological habitats. Subseafloo...

A 150-ton section of the Golden Ray cargo ship joined military landing crafts, M-60 battle tanks, and various other rubb...
01/10/2020
150-ton section of overturned cargo ship used in construction of artifical reef

A 150-ton section of the Golden Ray cargo ship joined military landing crafts, M-60 battle tanks, and various other rubble off of Georgia’s coast as part of an artificial reef on Monday. The ship’s 50-ton rudder, stern tube section, and 100-ton propeller were placed in 50 feet of water 20 miles east-southeast of St. Simons Island. The pieces will provide a habitat for fish and marine life.

The ship’s 50-ton rudder, stern tube section, and 100-ton propeller were placed in 50 feet of water 20 miles east-southeast of St. Simons Island.

Emergency teams in the Galapagos Islands are working to contain a 600-gallon oil spill after a cargo vessel overturned w...
12/23/2019
600 gallons of oil spilled in waters off Galapagos Islands

Emergency teams in the Galapagos Islands are working to contain a 600-gallon oil spill after a cargo vessel overturned while being loaded with containers early Sunday

Emergency teams in the Galapagos Islands are working to contain a 600-gallon oil spill after a cargo vessel overturned while being loaded with containers early Sunday, local officials said on Twitter.

The deeper in the ocean the octopuses live, the bumpier their skin and the smaller their bodies. DNA revealed even thoug...
12/19/2019
Scientists Cracked the Case of Why Octopuses of the Same Species Can Look Totally Different

The deeper in the ocean the octopuses live, the bumpier their skin and the smaller their bodies. DNA revealed even though the octopuses looked different, they were the same species.

Deep beneath the ocean’s surface, surprisingly cute warty pink octopuses creep along the seafloor. But not all these octopuses look alike. While we humans love a good “Is your skin oily, dry, or combination?” quiz, members of one octopus species take variations in skin texture to a whole new l...

Gray’s Reef is little more than a drop in the ocean 19 miles off the Georgia coast, but don’t confuse size for significa...
12/17/2019
Safeguarding the seas, one protected area at a time

Gray’s Reef is little more than a drop in the ocean 19 miles off the Georgia coast, but don’t confuse size for significance. In one of his last official acts, President Jimmy Carter declared the reef a national marine sanctuary at the urging of conservationists who said its abundance of life was unique and worth saving for future generations.

From the surface, these 22 square miles of water are unexceptional.

The National Weather Service (NWS) National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) is accepting applications for it...
12/13/2019
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

The National Weather Service (NWS) National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) is accepting applications for its 2020 summer student internship program.

NCEP is offering up to 20 paid summer internships targeted towards current 2nd and 3rd year undergraduate and enrolled graduate students to work in areas that will meet the future needs of the ever-broadening user community and address the strategic climate-water-weather issues. Each student will collaborate with one or more scientists at our NCEP centers located in College Park, MD: Climate Prediction Center, Environmental Modeling Center, Ocean Prediction Center, and Weather Prediction Center or at NWS Offices in Silver Spring, MD: Meteorological Development Laboratory and AWIPS Program Office.

Students may also be placed at the following NOAA Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR) facilities: Climate Program Office (Silver Spring, MD), Office of Weather and Air Quality (Silver Spring, MD) and Air Resources Laboratory (College Park, MD).

The National Weather Service (NWS) plays a key role in protecting American lives and properties. The timely provision of reliable weather, water, climate, and environmental information has supported the Nation's social and economic development. NWS offices in communities across the United States and...

Algae are efficient biofuel producers, and scientists are working on improving our algal-centered technology. Recently, ...
12/12/2019
Soon, algae might absorb carbon dioxide emissions before they even leave the factory

Algae are efficient biofuel producers, and scientists are working on improving our algal-centered technology. Recently, algae bioreactor technology has been highlighted as a way to convert carbon emissions from industries into biofuel and other useful by-products. But cost-effective methods for doing just this are needed to speed up the rate at which these new technologies are adopted.

Algae are efficient biofuel producers, and scientists are working on improving our algal-centered technology

Georgia Sea Grant is seeking applications from graduate students for three fellowships: The Coastal Management Fellowshi...
12/10/2019
You searched for fellowship opportunites - UGA Marine Extension and Georgia Sea Grant

Georgia Sea Grant is seeking applications from graduate students for three fellowships: The Coastal Management Fellowship, the National Marine Fisheries-Sea Grant Joint Fellowship and the Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship.

These fellowships are designed for graduate students who are interested in gaining professional development through work with coastal resource management and conservation, marine ecosystems and population dynamics or national marine policy issues. Click on the opportunities below to learn more.

@GACoast.uga

https://gacoast.uga.edu/?s=fellowship+opportunites

Researchers at the University of Georgia Skidaway Institute of Oceanography believe the rise of black gill in Georgia sh...
12/09/2019
Climate change affecting black gill in Georgia shrimp | Marine Sciences & Oceanography at University of Georgia - Athens, Georgia

Researchers at the University of Georgia Skidaway Institute of Oceanography believe the rise of black gill in Georgia shrimp in recent decades may be linked to climate change, specifically the warmer winters in the region.

Image: Savannah, Ga. – Researchers at the University of Georgia Skidaway Institute of Oceanography believe the rise of black gill in Georgia shrimp in recent decades may be linked to climate change, specifically the warmer winters in the region. Black gill is a condition in Georgia shrimp that shr...

Gray’s Reef, effects of a shoreline oil spill, discovery on coastal water flow, and “black carbon” are just a few of the...
12/05/2019
Noted and Quoted, November 2019 | Franklin College of Arts and Sciences

Gray’s Reef, effects of a shoreline oil spill, discovery on coastal water flow, and “black carbon” are just a few of the semester’s headlines from UGA’s Marine Sciences department

https://franklin.uga.edu/news/stories/2019/noted-and-quoted-november-2019

By: Alan Flurry Gray's reef, the global carbon cycle and statistical significance were a few of the recent headlines supported with Franklin College faculty expertise. A sampling of the stories that appeared over the past month: Scientists race to track oil from capsized ship – Regents Professor S...

Dr. Marc Frisher  at Skidaway Institute of Oceanography    will be participating in  a NSF sponsored "jumpstart" worksho...
12/04/2019
Reintegrating Biology

Dr. Marc Frisher at Skidaway Institute of Oceanography will be participating in a NSF sponsored "jumpstart" workshop called "Reintegrating Biology". To fully understand biological systems, as well as realize their full potential, it is essential to integrate research methods and perspectives from the different subdisciplines of biology (including behavior, biophysics, molecular and cellular biology, developmental biology, ecology, evolution, genetics, neurobiology, physiology, systematics, and systems biology). However, how to integrate these subdisciplines is unclear, given the increasingly specialized training in the diversity of analytical and methodological approaches used in different biological fields. Similarly, it is uncertain what new infrastructure – physical and workforce – is needed to achieve a true integration.

To fully understand biological systems, as well as realize their full potential, it is essential to integrate research methods and perspectives from the different subdisciplines of biology (including behavior, biophysics, molecular and cellular biology, developmental biology, ecology, evolution, gen...

UGA Marine Extension and Georgia Sea Grant is hosting an Ocean to Table event to sample cannonball jellyfish! Follow the...
12/03/2019
Ocean to Table: Georgia Jellyfish - UGA Marine Extension and Georgia Sea Grant

UGA Marine Extension and Georgia Sea Grant is hosting an Ocean to Table event to sample cannonball jellyfish! Follow the link to register online by December 5

Did you know that cannonball jellyfish, locally referred to as a “jellyballs,” are harvested in Georgia? Jellyfish have a crunchy texture and can be served hot, cold, cooked or raw. During this Ocean to Table program at the UGA Aquarium, you will be able to sample jellyfish products while learning about how to safely purchase, cook and consume Georgia jellyfish.

This class is part of the Ocean to Table Series of seafood workshops for adults in coastal Georgia. Ocean to Table is a collaboration between UGA Cooperative Extension and UGA Marine Extension and Georgia Sea Grant.

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"The mechanism of the vertical circulation of the waters of the oceans". The reason for the formation of hydrogen sulfide in the Black Sea. Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences https://vk.com/ioran The wind waves enrich the water with oxygen only to a depth of several tens of meters of the seas and oceans surface, while the whirlpools deliver the water enriched with oxygen to a depth of more than 10 km. (Mariana Trench) How does this happen: The waters of the lakes, seas and oceans of the northern hemisphere rotate counterclockwise, and the waters of the southern hemisphere rotate clockwise, forming giant whirlpools. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_gyre As is known, everything that rotates, including whirlpools, has the property of a gyroscope (whirligig) to maintain the vertical position of the axis in space, regardless of the rotation of the Earth. If you look at the Earth from the side of the Sun, the whirlpools, rotating with the Earth, overturn, due to which the whirlpools precess, resulting in a vertical movement of ocean water. http://goo.gl/AM5g1s The presented theory can easily be verified by relation between the oxygen content and the whirlpools rotation speed. Based on the map of the depths and currents of the seas and oceans. The higher the current velocity, the greater the oxygen content and the lower the hydrogen sulfide content. https://youtu.be/ihM1I5r_MUg https://youtu.be/X6PavdKXIE8 List of seas with low oxygen content: Black Sea. East of the Mediterranean. Gulf of Mexico. Norway fjords. As we see, whirlpools are involved not only in the horizontal circulation of the sea and ocean waters, but also in the vertical. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_zone_(ecology) https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/ocean-dead-zones/ The coefficient of oxygen content can be expressed mathematically by the following formula O = V / G V - whirlpool rotation speed, km / h. G - depth of the reservoir, km. Black Sea 0.2 / 1200 = 0.00016 Sea of Okhotsk 1/800 = 0.0012 Vertical movement of ocean waters can be convincingly modeled using simple experience. For this, a half-filled vessel with a rotating liquid (bucket, tumbler, mixer) must be rotated around itself (in orbit). If the liquid in the bucket rotates to the right, the bucket around itself (in orbit) must be rotated to the left. http://bourabai.ru/articles/black_sea.htm Vertical and horizontal circulation is a vital fundamental law of nature, without which life in the ocean would be impossible. During the vertical and horizontal circulation, there are also side non-vital effects of nature: ebb and flow, seasonal sea-level rise, killer waves. Real-time sea current speed: http://portal.esimo.ru/portal https://www.ndbc.noaa.gov https://ru.nencom.com/spravochnik/energoresursy/globalnaya-onlayn-karta-vetrov http://fermi.jhuapl.edu/sat_ocean.html —————————————————————————————— Seasonal increase in the level of waters of the seas and oceans. Institute of Water Problems, RAS https://vk.com/club134348321 The waters of the lakes, seas and oceans of the northern hemisphere rotate counterclockwise, and the waters of the southern hemisphere rotate clockwise, forming cyclonic gyres. The main cause of rotation of the whirlpools are local winds, flowing into the seas and oceans of the river and the deflecting force of Coriolis. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_gyre And the higher the speed of the winds, the higher the speed of rotation of the whirlpools, and as a result, the higher the centrifugal force of the whirlpools, thereby increasing the water level of the seas and oceans. And the lower the speed of rotation of the whirlpools, the lower the level of water, seas and oceans. https://youtu.be/ihM1I5r_MUg The speed of currents along the perimeter of the seas and oceans is not the same everywhere and depends on the depth of the coast. In the shallow part of the seas and oceans, the flow moves fast, and in the deep water part of the seas and oceans the flow moves slowly .. Seasonal rise in the water level is observed not along the entire coast of the seas and oceans, but only on those coasts where the high angular velocity of the currents and, as a result, the high centrifugal force of the water. (Centrifugal force F = mv2 / r). On straight coasts, where currents do not have an angular velocity, the water level does not rise. Real-time sea current speed http://portal.esimo.ru/portal https://www.ndbc.noaa.gov https://ru.nencom.com/spravochnik/energoresursy/globalnaya-onlayn-karta-vetrov The waters of the Gulf of Finland rotate counterclockwise, forming a whirlpool in the form of an ellipse. And when the seasonal south-westerly winds unwind the whirlpool to 5 km / h, the centrifugal force of the whirlpool rises, so that on the east coast of the Gulf of Finland the water level rises to 30 cm. A similar pattern of seasonal increase in water levels is observed in all lakes, seas and oceans .. The average depth of the Gulf of Finland is about 50 meters, on the east coast is about 5 meters, in the west of the bay it is about 100 meters, for this reason the linear and angular velocity of currents on the east coast of the Gulf of Finland is much higher (as much as the depth of the coast increases current velocity) .. In the Gulf of Finland, the seasonal increase in water levels has two peaks: in August-September and in December-January and in time they coincide with the season of south-westerly winds. The speed of the current in the Gulf of Finland reaches from 2 to 17 km / hour, and the maximum speed of the current on Earth reaches 30 km / hour, the wind speed is more than 100 km / hour. http://goo.gl/eYVTo6 http://esimo.oceanography.ru/esp1/index.php?sea_code=1§ion=6&menu_code=1734 The waters of the North Sea rotate counterclockwise, forming a huge whirlpool. And when seasonal northwestern storm winds unleash a whirlpool (up to 20 km / h on the southern coast), the centrifugal force of the whirlpool rises, making the level on the southern coast of the North Sea up to 5 meters. (Storm surge 2.5 meters, centrifugal surge 2.5 meters). https://de.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:North_Sea_Currents.svg https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Sea_flood_of_1953 The waters of the Caspian Sea rotate counterclockwise, forming a whirlpool in the form of an ellipse. And when the seasonal winds and the flood river Volga unleash a whirlpool, the centrifugal force of the whirlpool rises, making the water level up to 1 meter on the north coast of the Caspian Sea. The average depth of the Caspian Sea is about 200 meters, on the north coast about 5 meters, on the south coast - about 500m. Due to this, in the north of the Caspian Sea the speed of the current increases from 1 to 10 km / h. In the Caspian Sea, the peak of the seasonal rise in water level is observed in June-August and coincides in time with the season of winds and high water of the Volga River. During a drought over the Volga River basin, the level of the Caspian Sea does not rise. http://tapemark.narod.ru/more/06.png http://goo.gl/47tXq2 In the Bay of Bengal, in the season of monsoon winds, the whirlpool speed rises to 10 km / h, making the seasonal rise in water levels up to 1.2 meters. http://www.aziya-tur.ru/bengal%27skii-zaliv.php Seasonal increase in the level of the Black Sea (up to 40 cm) is most pronounced in the southeastern part of the sea, where in summer the angular velocity of the currents reaches its maximum value. http://tapemark.narod.ru/more/07.html The assumption that the cause of the seasonal rise in the water level may be the pressure of the atmosphere, the flow of the rivers, the temperature difference and the salinity of the waters do not hold water, these factors may raise the water level by a few cm, but no more. The presented theory can be easily verified by relating the velocity of the currents to the level of the seas and oceans. (Based on a map of depths and currents, seas and oceans). https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annual_cycle_of_sea_level_height https://research.csiro.au/slrwavescoast/sea-level/sea-level-change/ http://www.okeanavt.ru/tainiokeana/1066mifosrednemurovne.html —————————————————————————————— High and low tides are the result of the earth rotation and of the whirlpools. Department of Oceanology, MSU https://vk.com/ocean_msu There is a strict pattern - tides are formed not along the entire coast of the seas and oceans, but only on those coasts with a high current velocity, and the higher the velocity of the currents, the higher the amplitude of the tidal wave. No tides are formed on these coasts where currents do not have a high velocity. The waters of the lakes, seas and oceans of the northern hemisphere rotate counterclockwise, and the waters of the southern hemisphere rotate clockwise, forming giant whirlpools. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_gyre As is well known, everything that rotates, including whirlpools, has the property of a gyroscope (whirligig) to maintain the vertical position of the axis in space, regardless of the rotation of the Earth. If you look at the Earth from the side of the Sun, the whirlpools, rotating with the Earth, overturn, twice a day, due to which the whirlpools precess (sway by 1-2 degrees) and reflect a tidal wave from themselves along the entire perimeter of the whirlpool. http://goo.gl/AM5g1s https://goo.gl/images/M4SJq8 The waters of the White Sea rotate counterclockwise, forming a huge whirlpool-gyroscope, which, while precessing, reflects a tidal wave along the entire perimeter of the White Sea. A similar pattern of tides is observed in all lakes, seas, and oceans. Sailing Directions of the White Sea https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sailing_Directions http://tapemark.narod.ru/more/22.png The waters of the Mediterranean Sea rotate counterclockwise, forming tides 10-15 cm high. But in the Gulf of Gabes, off the coast of Tunisia, the height of the tides reaches three meters, and sometimes more, and this is considered one of the mysteries of nature. But at the same time, a whirlpool rotates in the Gulf of Gabes, precessing and reflecting an additional tidal wave. https://youtu.be/ihM1I5r_MUg The tidal wave in the Amazon River is created a huge planetary whirlpool with a diameter of several thousand kilometers, rotating between South America and North Africa, covering the mouth of the Amazon River. The pattern of tidal wave movement over the perimeter of the North Atlantic planetary whirlpool. https://youtu.be/ZEhm_ONTQKc The tidal wave length depends on the whirlpool diameter. And the tidal wave height depends on the whirlpool rotation speed, the Earth orbital velocity, and the whirlpool tilting time (12 hours). А = V1•V2/t where: A - tidal wave amplitude (precession angle). V1 - whirlpool rotation speed. V2 - the Earth orbital velocity. t - whirlpool tilting time (12 hours). Table of the dependence of the amplitude of the tides on the speed of the current, on any coast. 1 km / h - 1 meter 5 km / h - 5 meter 10 km / h - 10 meter 15 km / h - 15 meter The amplitude of the tides also depends on the size of the whirlpool, the amount of water under the whirlpool, the distance from the coast to the whirlpool and the direction of flow (north, south, west, east). The current, which moves along the coast, reflects a tidal wave both towards the coast and towards the open sea. The whirlpool theory of tides can easily be verified by relating the height of the tidal wave to the speed of rotation of the whirlpools. From the height of the tides, you can determine the speed of the current along the coast, based on the atlas of sea currents in real time: http://portal.esimo.ru/portal https://www.ndbc.noaa.gov https://ru.nencom.com/spravochnik/energoresursy/globalnaya-onlayn-karta-vetrov http://fermi.jhuapl.edu/sat_ocean.html —————————————————————————————— Killer Waves The official group of the Institute of Earth Sciences SFU https://vk.com/ogbarannikova A tidal wave moving across the ocean is called a soliton. When a soliton collides with the coastline of the continent, ebbs and flows are formed. When solitons collide, two adjacent whirlpools, a killer wave is formed. https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Killer Waves This can be checked by throwing two stones at the same time in a bath of water. When a soliton collides, the resulting killer wave foams and a larger wave pulls a smaller wave somewhat. You can create a half-meter-killer wave with a duration of 0.5 seconds, if two divers simultaneously jumped with a “bomb” into the reservoir from a height of 2 meters, with a distance between them of 3 meters. If you throw two pieces of sugar into a glass of tea at the same time and a killer wave forms there. The mechanism of formation of a tidal wave in rivers and killer waves in the oceans is similar, and the height of the tidal wave in a river depends on the speed of the flow of water in a river. https://goo.gl/images/Tm13py https://goo.gl/images/amdjwj The location of the possible stoning of the killer waves can be predicted from the whirlpool charts and, accordingly, to lay routes. An approaching killer wave or tsunami can be partially neutralized by creating a series of oncoming waves, torpedoes or projectiles. If two waves do not collide with each other, then they freely walk on the ocean, and they are called solitons or Rossby waves. "Three sisters are a collision of a soliton with three storm waves .. Solitons, reflected around themselves in whirlpools, colliding with storm waves, create a killer wave and are the main cause of ships wreck. And knowing the distribution schedule of solitons by whirlpools, one should accordingly choose the time and route of movement in the seas and oceans. The perimeter of the seas and oceans, I believe, is the most dangerous place for anchorage and movement of ships, especially where there is a high whirlpool speed. The center of the whirlpool, I believe, is the safest place to wait out bad weather, and it is advisable to install a buoy in the center of the whirlpool. https://goo.gl/images/icF4zf The map shows the areas of the most frequent occurrence of killer waves. In the North Atlantic, killer waves form mainly along the perimeter of the North Atlantic planetary whirlpool, as a result of a collision of a tidal wave with storm waves (three sisters) .. http://www.freegrab.net/Tide%20waves.gif The animation shows how in the area of the Bermuda Triangle, as a result of the collision of tidal waves reflected by the North Atlantic and South Atlantic planetary whirlpools, a killer wave is formed .. The clock set on the animation shows that killer waves in the Bermuda Triangle are formed twice a day at 12 and 24 hours. Based on the demonstrated animation, you can make a calendar of formation of killer waves not only for future years but also for previous ones. In the season of long, eastern winds in the north of the Sea of Okhotsk and floods of the rivers flowing into the Penzhinsky Bay, the current speed in the north of the Sea of Okhotsk increases several times, due to which, in the north of the Sea of Okhotsk, the water level, the amplitude of tides and killer waves increases. The current, which moves along the northern coast of the Sea of Okhotsk, reflects a tidal wave both towards the coast and towards the open sea. (South). https://goo.gl/images/u3AsBQ The discovery was published in the Russian-German scientific peer-reviewed journal “Eastern European Scientific Journal” No. 3/2015. Page 64. June http://www.auris-archiv.de/journal.html Scientific journal "NBICS-Science. Technologies" No. 4/2018. Page 104. (Nanotechnology Society of Russia) http://www.nanonewsnet.ru/news/2018/vyshel-chetvertyi-nomer-zhurnala-nbiks-naukatekhnologii A positive review was also received from the Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Continued: The mechanism of the vertical circulation of the waters of the oceans. Forum Federal Target Program "World Ocean" http://okeany.com/forum/784.htm "Forum on the Flagship" http://vmf.net.ru/forums/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=2328 French Maritime Forum (Discussion). http://forummarine.forumactif.com/t9357-le-flux-et-reflux-est-le-resultat-de-la-rotation-de-la-terre English forum http://forummarine.forumactif.com/t9372-the-mechanism-of-the-vertical-circulation-of-the-waters-of#220599